Interesting Memory Research
The University of Hull conducted an interesting research. A group of students were asked to list their memories of various periods of their life. One in five students “remembered” something that didn’t really happen.
Most fictitious memories "happened" between the ages of 4-8. For example, one student claimed that he was playing hockey as a child even though his parents didn’t confirm that information. Another student claimed that he had seen a real dinosaur.
Nevertheless, many people are confidently claiming their memories of imaginary events to be true. According to research, fictitious memories are inseparable from human autobiographical memory.
Engram is the key concept in all discussions on physiological basis of memory. Engram is a memory trace, a steady interaction of nervous cells, which reflects an event or information received from the outside. Regarding their content, there are 2 types of engrams: imagery engrams, which represent the structures of perceived objects in their own structure, and engram models of actions, which represent action programs in their structure. All types of engrams can establish strong associative links.