Attention

Development

Age and Attention

According to psychologists, best attention is developed by the age of 33, while the lowest capacity falls between the ages of 18-21. The best selectivity is also achieved by the age of 33. Maximal ability to switch is attained at the age of 29 and optimal stability is achieved at 34.

My attention is highly developed, if:

  • I can remain focused on the selected object, process, or activity.
  • I can stay focused on the chosen object for a long period of time.
  • I can focus on one object or maximal number of objects.
  • I can focus on the selected object regardless of external disturbances and strong feelings.
  • I can see lots of details in the object I observe.
  • I can stop paying attention to the object or process, if there is no need to stay focused on it.
  • I can track objects and signals coming from various sources.
  • I can distribute my resources well enough to stay focused throughout the task.
  • I can manage my appearance and speech to capture my interlocutor's attention throughout the conversation.

Visual Attention Development

 

Use pages with large text. Try to cross out all "O" letters. Then underline all A's and circle K's. You can also record the time during the task. You need this type of attention to check financial reports, legal documents, spelling of official letters.

Audio Attention Development

You can set any game rules. The most important thing is to aurally define the group of the named object. E.g.: random objects are named aloud. You have to tell if the rain can make them rusty. If it can, the players stand up; otherwise, they cover their head with their hands. You can invent lots of similar rules — all of them are variants of children's game. This type of attention is required to take prompt decisions in response to audio messages, e.g. during a meeting or phone call.

Development of Attentive Behavior

 

Players form pairs. One player moves, while the second player tries to copy him as precisely as possible including facial expression. After 2 minutes they switch roles. During this exercise the players pay greater attention to their partner than usually. Moreover, they understand how poorly they control their behavior and try to do it better. This type of attention is vital for people of public professions (actors, teachers, TV-hosts, etc.), because their behavior determines their career.

Development of Attention to Your Own Speech

Players ask each other questions (this can be done by the leader, who addresses each player in turn, or you can do it in pairs). Questions must imply simple and evident answers. For example: What is your eye color? What shoe size do you wear? Who sits on your left? The answer must not contain prohibited letter you all chose (e.g., E). It is important to maintain the high tempo of the game. You use this type of attention to learn literate speech. You need it to get rid of filler words or stop making mistakes when speaking a foreign language.